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Republica Moldova 30 de ani de independență

Moldova marks 125th anniversary of writer's birthday

14:25 | 05.06.2021 Category: Culture

Chisinau, 5 June /MOLDPRES/ - The 125th anniversary of the birthday of poetess, publicist, translator Olga Crusevan-Florescu is marked today.   

Olga Crusevan-Florescu was born in the hamlet of Plosca, nearby the Pistruieni village, Orhei county (presently Telenesti district), on 5 June 1896. She died in Bucharest in 1975. The writer was daughter of a Bessarabian nobleman, Ivan Epaminonda Crușevan, the owner of the estate from Pistruieni. She was second cousin with Serghei lazo and relative with publicist Pavel Crusevan, the first woman lawyer of Bessarabia Eugenia Crusevan, officer Pavel Epaminonda Crușevan.   

Olga Crusevan-Florescu finished the gymnasium for girls from Mariinsk, Odessa, in 1914 and then studied at the Odessa University, Letters Faculty in 1914-1918. The writer trained for her doctor’s degree in letters and philosophy at Lausanne (Switzerland) and Bucharest. In 1949, she maintained the thesis of doctor on the subject, History of the social classes from Russia. The writer was a polyglot, knowing 11 languages. She wrote poems, prose and translated prose, poems, dramaturgy, essays, making together a huge number of titles.    

In 1940, the writer fled to Romania, Bucharest. The period after 1944 was marked by an assiduous work of translator.   

Two volumes appeared in Bucharest, „Crugul anului. Suită bucolică” (1970), dedicated to Bessarabia and Roata anului (1973), dedicated to Romania.    

She was member of the French Institute of Higher International Studies, Association of Slavists from Romania, founding member of the Society of Bessarabian Writers and of the society’s leadership committee. The writer was awarded the prize La Guieterne for original poems in the French language. She was also offered the Prize of the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union for an original work in Russian titled, Literary values in the documents of the secret societies from the 19th century in Russia. Olga Crusevan-Florescu received the mention of the Romanian Academy for the version in Romanian of the novel Pan Tadeus by A. Mickiewicz, a mention of the French Institute of Higher International Studies for her poems and the translated works, etc. At her own will, she was incinerated.


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